authoritarian countries 2019

Please help. Yet each of these attempts met with obstacles posed by stable institutions of capital’s increasingly transnational reign. President Donald Trump’s national-security adviser says the world is realigning geopolitically between democratic and authoritarian states as more countries … How has this phenomenon been able to become so significant precisely now? Often this is linked with a crude historical revisionism (especially in Eastern Europe, but also in Brazil and Turkey). : The question is not whether or not there is a global authoritarianism. 3Open government is a new policy idea for authoritarian states and is now firmly on the policy agenda of Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan). The disappointment over social democracy and/or the post-neoliberal Left, as well as the inefficacy and exhaustion of radical ruptures (the various liberation movements) and failed revolutions (North Africa), has led in many places to a rightward turn by parts of the subalterns, but even more frequently to ademobilization that is asymmetrical in terms of class politics, and to electoral abstention (in those countries where elections are still taking place). This is a list of totalitarian states.. If there is no political system to regulate the country, it would suffer due to unjust practices of society. Accumulate, accumulate: Power is used to combat all oppositional and emancipatory tendencies, and always specifically against “collectivism” and “liberalism”, i.e., against collective and individual social rights. You get a complete scenario about the development and current day Authoritarian only by knowing the Authoritarian countries. Ten authoritarian countries that license or regulate their media. True North Wire - February 6, 2020. In fact, some regimes—such as Ethiopia—appear to target both exit and voice. Existing democratic institutions are hollowed out and increasingly unable to respond to the authoritarian wave. It was because national Democrats have failed communities like mine. The demand goes further, however, targeting a democratic, solidary mode of life within the everyday as well—because the extension of the sayable leads immediately to an extension of the domain of action, from expressions of hatred on social media and in everyday life, through to violent acts (“from below”), and lastly open repression (“from above”). 14. The contention of this post is that for many of the most effective authoritarian systems, controlling the thoughts of the ruled is secondary to shaping social cleavages in the population. Linkedin. Get a complete list for all the Authoritarian countries in the past and current times. A continent wise Authoritarian countries list can be given as follows. Marx’s 18th Brumaire), about which the Left has developed a rich corpus of theory. [5]. LuXemburg, September 2014, vol. Across the globe, entrenched authoritarians tightened their grip last year – watch China, for instance. At the same time, fake news and conspiracy theories are also put into play; there is a plurality of truths, and hence the democratic requirement to strive for the truth can be dismissed. Surprising improvements in individual countries—including Malaysia, Armenia, Ethiopia, Angola, and Ecuador—show that democracy has enduring appeal as a means of holding leaders accountable and creating the conditions for a better life. Totalitarianism is an extreme version of authoritarianism. Balibar, Etienne and Wallerstein, Immanuel, Race, Nation, Class. Joe Biden’s likely nominee to head the powerful Office of Management and Budget, Neera Tanden, called for cuts to Social Security, saying, “we need to put both entitlements on the table as well as taxes.”, Material of Interest to People on the Left, The Agrarian Crisis in Punjab and the Making of the Anti-Farm Law Protests. Hence the struggle against (the freedom of) the press, the Enlightenment, and the academy (and academic freedom)—but also against an independent justice system, as expressing a codification of propositions claimed to be true. … Authoritarianism primarily differs from totalitarianism in that social and economic institutions exist that are not under governmental control. Meanwhile, its alphabetical successor Norway steadily keeps up its high score streak, with 9.87 being the best example of a full democracy in 2019. As of 2017, a scant 38 percent were. Now! [5] Cf. Hall, Stuart, “Popular-democratic vs authoritarian populism: two ways of taking democracy seriously”, in Marxism and democracy, edited by Alan Hunt, London, p. 157-185. 19. 18. Linke Gegenstrategien, edited by Mario Candeias, Berlin: Rosa-Luxemburg-Stiftung Materialien 12, 2015, pp. Candeias, Mario, “Gegenmittel gegen autoritären Neoliberalismus und Rechtspopulismus – Perspektiven einer verbindenden linken Partei”, in Rechtspopulismus in Europa. 17. Since its origin years ago, Authoritarian has been applied as a type of government in many countries. If it is true that the radical right and “racist ideology [are] essentially inter-class”—not only in the sense of relatively upwardly or downwardly mobile class segments, but rather in connection with “an active negation” of class solidarity [2]—then the radical right (or, e.g., the AfD in particular) can also be grasped as constituting an inter-class alliance: between downwardly mobile wage-labourers, segments of skilled labour who have moved into the petite bourgeoisie and are threatened with further decline (and who thus attempt to defend their private homes and level of consumption), upwardly mobile entrepreneurial individualists, middle-class business-owning families placed under pressure by globalization, industries (e.g. In Poland as well, in recent years hundreds of thousands have taken to the streets to defend women’s reproductive rights. The rights of minorities, women’s rights, and the right to form unions are the first to be attacked by the authoritarian and radical right. Closely tied to this is the struggle against “political correctness” as relativization of truth. Among the most authoritarian nations in the world are places like North Korea, Syria and Chad. Protesting Farmers ‘Are Being Misled’. : We are facing a decisive moment: in view of the intensification of global inequality, the ecological crisis, migratory movements, global authoritarianism, and fascization, the “middle road” of post-ideological openness and left-liberal critique is no longer viable. The object is complex, heterogeneous, and highly dynamic, and eludes unitary explanation or even definition. We discuss the authoritarian and radical right a great deal, and this is vital; we do not talk enough about left-wing and emancipatory potentials. Knowing countries with Authoritarian is significantly important to get an idea about presence of Authoritarian countries around the globe. Sharing experiences, raising visibility, and experiencing solidarity in a practical way—these things are especially important for giving strength to those who have to work and survive politically in the “shrinking spaces” of an authoritarian and increasingly violent everyday life. Like Vostok 2018, Centre 2019 placed an emphasis on airborne and air-mobile units as fast, rapidly deployable shock troops who could capture territory and decide a military campaign before the enemy brought its reserves into the theatre. North Korea, an authoritarian regime with a 1.08 score, has remained consistently one of the lowest ranked countries in the index. Address the needs: There are myriad starting-points, but in concrete terms: whether it is the housing question, women’s rights, the ecological crisis, or organizing against the right, these campaigns connect mass mobilization with everyday organizing in a local place and the development of political structures and solidarity networks. 55–73, . How can the rise of the radical right be understood? As the organic crisis of the old neoliberal project of globalization continues, nearly everywhere in Europe—but also in the US, Latin America, Asia, and Africa—we are seeing the rise of an authoritarian and radical right wing. A continent wise Authoritarian countries list can be given as follows. : Balibar’s thesis about the importance of the “intermediate classes”—the class fractions with relative upward or downward mobility that enlist in such a project—ought to be considered with an eye to the new authoritarianism’s class basis. The following are a few theses (intended as a starting-point for further research)—developed not exclusively, although mainly, out of analyses of the US and Europe, and hence to be applied to other countries only with caution and further questions. Individualism is often subjugated in favor of the ruling state’s interest, creating the image of oppression. Oh God: The role of political religion has frequently been underestimated: the Evangelicals (USA, Brazil), the Islamic and Hindu fundamentalists (Turkey, India), the Catholic Church (Poland). It has a high potential for left organization. We live in the age of monsters. To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added … The Rosa-Luxemburg-Stiftung has established a global post-doctoral study programme on the subject.[1]. Hence, countries that have Authoritarian as their form of government, have found it beneficial in improving the social and economic conditions prevalent there. (Duterte forms an exception, with his pro-LGBT position). But a new study co-authored by an MIT economist shows that when it comes to growth, democracy significantly increases development. It functions as a sort of short-circuit between bourgeois forces and the subalterns”. In power, they bring the social question back onto the political agenda, but in the form of exclusive solidarity for Germans, Brazilians, Hindus, etc., while at the same time making targeted attacks on unions (collective rights) and social/labour rights. Other autocracies prioritize the silencing of citizens’ voice abroad, via the repression of emigrant and diaspora groups. African countries were among the lowest ranked on a new corruption index by Transparency International. As if the chauvinistic right wanted once more to confirm how important an (intersectional) understanding of class, race, and gender is. The authoritarian and radical right, meanwhile, are making the most of a “they don’t represent us” attitude that was in the first instance articulated from the Left. Are the ultra-liberals (Austria), the racists (Italy), the social nationalists (Poland, and in some ways Hungary), the hyper-authoritarians (Turkey), the military taking care of public order (Egypt and Thailand), the military government in democratic guise (Brazil), the government in a state of emergency (Ethiopia with no opposition in the parliament, and possibly France), and the religious-nationalists (India) all different cases, which otherwise have nothing in common? The U.S. has fallen steadily in the global rankings over the past decade, from 17th place in the 2010 index to No. (Last Updated On: April 19, 2019) ... And how do authoritarian regimes function? All in all, it is a matter of removing the obstacles to capital accumulation in its harshest form (from “extreme energy” and an intensified economy of expropriation via giant infrastructure projects, through to the classic raising of the rate of exploitation, and the squeezing of all social and natural resources). [Mario Candeias is the director of the Institute for Critical Social Analysis at the Rosa-Luxemburg-Stiftung. Our mission at Portside is to seek out and to provide information that empowers you -- that empowers the left. Unions and workers’ rights are especially targeted, in order to shift the power relations between capital and labour, as well as communal land rights, the commons, and the public sphere—with the aim of appropriating social resources. Several authoritarian regimes continue to rely on border controls and the securitization of emigration policy in order to control citizens’ exit —Uzbekistan, for instance, abolished exit visas only in early 2019. T he purpose of censorship and thought management differs from regime to regime. • The combined support for left- and right-wing populist parties now equals the support for Social democratic par… More astonishing than the defeat of numerous protest movements and new left-wing parties by the new authoritarianism of the rulers is the fact that the dynamics of new mobilizations repeatedly break out in different places. Twitter. A further point would be the following question: is a specific regime aiming at a hegemonic project, which (through populism) also wagers on the consensus of those it rules, or at the brutal dictatorship of a minority over the majority (including transitional and grey areas)? Demirović, Alex, Autoritärer Populismus als neoliberale Krisenbewältigungsstrategie, in PROKLA, 2018, no.190, pp. [3] This is accompanied not by a rejection of democracy, but its reactionary adaptation—what Victor Orban calls “illiberal democracy”—“an electoral strategy that creates divisions and mobilizes along lines defined by racism, nationalism, religion, sexism, or the exploitation of the natural world, that echoes the errors of common sense, and neuroticizes the subject”. This has to be made more visible. Now is the time to decide, in a period where different possibilities remain open, but are already starting to close. I’m the chair of the local Democratic Party in a Wisconsin county that Donald Trump won. Reorganization of hegemony: Authoritarianism should not simply be regarded as a reclaiming or securing of power during the moment of crisis, but rather as a struggle over the new composition and the leadership of the ruling power bloc. Forces wanting to intervene for the maintenance of liberal bourgeois freedoms and minimal standards of solidarity must take sides against authoritarianism and neoliberalism, and this also means for a more radical perspective: not only against the right, but also against the neoliberal policies that have brought us to this pass. Is there a common ideological core, or is it just a methodology of government? This is also why a form of authoritarianism such as the one propelled by European institutions needs to be distinguished from the (ostensibly) anti-elite authoritarianism of the radical right. The 2019 coup against ... -tracing measures designed to prevent the spread of the virus against the need to protect civil liberties in strongly authoritarian countries. The concept of fascism (as Walden Bello, for example, has argued) is certainly too broad; fully developed fascist regimes have probably not yet emerged. From violent words to violent deeds: The authoritarian and radical right fosters an open hostility towards parliamentarianism and parties, disparages democratic procedure, and contemptuously uses the parliament as a mere stage. These forms can be differentiated according to the position of each country within the global structures of valorization, according to the developments of capital accumulation and/or the global obstacles to the valorization of capital—the respective position of a national economy (and its crisis) provides clues to specific causes and contexts for determinate forms of authoritarianism in the respective country and/or to a typology of forms of rule. Authoritarian has been adopted by a lot of countries in different continents in the past centuries and it is still prevalent. The index rates 167 countries by 60 indicators across five broad categories: electoral process and pluralism, the functioning of government, political participation, democratic political culture a The aim is to divide the subalterns, provide restricted possibilities of action for some groups of subalterns and their reactionary self-empowerment. Facebook. Information is power. Hall, Stuart, “Race, articulation and societies structured in dominance”, in Sociological theories: race and colonialism, pp. “Free speech”: This attack is mostly aimed against a supposedly left-wing, liberal “elite”, “decadent ’68ers”, etc. By. 15. 1. Modern authoritarian regimes have made the argument to their people that their model of government is stronger and better suited to tackle large-scale challenges than so … Armenia, Bahrain, Cambodia, China, Iran, Laos, North Korea, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Vietnam, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Hungary, Poland, Russia, Turkey, Authoritarian Countries in Asia: Armenia, Bahrain, Cambodia, China, Iran, Laos, North Korea, Saudi Arabia, Syria and Vietnam, Authoritarian Countries in Europe: Azerbaijan, Belarus, Hungary, Poland, Russia and Turkey. All North American Authoritarian Countries: Cuba; Authoritarian Countries in … 16. Amid the widespread experience of powerlessness, it operates with the promise of winning back “control” against and “security” from external and internal threats. 10. Democracy is in crisis around the world, while authoritarianism is on the rise in a growing number of countries. View HTML Send article to Kindle. 305-345. A history written “from below” can elucidate this problem, and point to possibilities for action. 25 in 2019, and is now classified as a flawed democracy. The popularity of a type of government depends on how widely that government type is adopted or had been adopted across the world. Garcia, Ana, “Brazil Under Bolsonaro: Social Base, Agenda and Perspectives”, The Bullet, 15 April 2019, . Hence, too, the prevalence of anti-establishment discourses directed against the traditional bourgeois elites. Schaffar, Wolfram, “Wir sollten uns nichts vormachen!» Interview über autoritäre Entwicklungen, die Krise der Demokratie und den Zusammenhang von kritischer Analyse und politischer Veränderung”, maldekstra, 2 July 2019, . [6] Here there is a real danger of transitioning to an openly violent and fascistic culture. By 2000, just under 50 percent of countries were governed by authoritarian regimes. 190, p.34. Ambiguous Identities, London: Verso Books, 1988. [2] E. Balibar and I. Wallerstein, Race, Nation, Class. Researchers say the party’s rhetoric is beginning to resemble that of authoritarian parties, such as AKP in Turkey and Fidesz in Hungary. Bestimmungsversuche, Erkl,rungsmuster und Gegenstrategien, Berlin: RLS Materialien series, 2018, www.rosalux.de/publikation/id/39174/rechtspopulismus-radikale-rechte-fa…. According to a 2019 study by Sergei Guriev and Daniel Treisman, authoritarian regimes have over time become less reliant on violence and mass repression to maintain control. Canadians came out in full force after a Trudeau’s heritage minister suggested that the government should licence media outlets. The authors however, did find some reason for hope: If 2016 was notable for the populist insurgency against mainstream political parties and politicians in the developed democracies of Europe and North America 3. The government system in each country is set according to the need of rules in the country. [4] This kind of mobilization is linked with a kind of imaginary empowerment of the subalterns. If 2018 and the impending milestones of 2019 are any indication, that’s only the beginning. ReddIt. Also find out Authoritarian Definition, History of Authoritarian, Characteristics of Authoritarian and a brief Authoritarian summary to get the idea of entire government system. Bestimmungsversuche, Erklärungsmuster und Gegenstrategien, Berlin: Rosa-Luxemburg-Stiftung Materialien 24, 2018. Ambiguous Identities, London: Verso Books, 1988, p. 219. We should recall that the political upheavals in the wake of the major crisis around 2011 (much earlier in Latin America) were in the first instance a dawn of hope transnationally for the Left. Then there are military governments, as in Thailand, or governments backed by the military, notably Bolsonaro’s Brazil. Yet for some years now we have to assume that there are growing tendencies towards fascization. • 26.8 percent of voters in Europe – more than one in four – cast their vote for an authoritarian populist party last time they voted in a national election. Crisis: Central to the current moment is the coincidence between an organic crisis of a specific, global mode of social production and reproduction (so-called neoliberal globalization) and the emergence, in the interregnum, of forms of authoritarianism as specific ways of working through this crisis and winning back or securing power. It is developing right across Europe—where it is often marked by a variety of local characteristics—as well as internationally, especially in the US, Latin America, and India. In India, as many as 200 million women struck and demonstrated in the largest strike of all time. It wasn’t for a lack of progressive organizing. Email . In the case of the downwardly mobile class fractions, we can even speak of a transition from uncertainty to manifest or imminent déclassement. The Democracy Index is an index compiled by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), a UK … In the short-term, it seems unlikely that the authoritarian and radical right will be pushed back. Authoritarian Countries in Africa: Egypt. fossil fuels) threatened by upheavals in the mode of production (digitalization and ecological crisis), and even those bourgeois intellectuals experiencing lack of recognition and the marginalization of their positions (from Professor von Lucke to Gauland), not to mention members of the military and the repressive state apparatus (the police, the intelligence services) whose importance in the life of democratic societies has decreased. Or they construct an upside-down, right-wing rainbow: against purple, pink, green, and multi-coloured—as resistance against “moralizing re-education” by the generation of ‘68, which had achieved actual positions of power in politics, the education system, the media, universities, and NGOs. 2, www.zeitschrift-luxemburg.de/oh-gott-luxemburg-22014-zu-politischer-rel…. Rebellious uprisings: The half-life of authoritarian regimes also depends, of course, on the intensity of the resistance to them, and the restructuring of emancipatory projects. Nothing in common? 5. 12. What Is Authoritarianism? 9. Discursive Power: The authoritarian and radical right is also managing to effect an overturning of the world of discourse. There is limited research on the composite role which open government might play in authoritarian states. : there have of course always been forms of authoritarian countries: what do... Societies structured in dominance ”, the Bullet, 15 April 2019, highly... 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Government should licence media outlets and yet it would be insufficient to proceed on subject. As compared with democratic countries, strong counter-movements are forming once again, some regimes—such as Ethiopia—appear to both. S Brazil creating the image of oppression 25 in 2019, which unsatisfied needs and longings are being mobilized repression. For Gegensatz Translation Collective. ] continued ; the authoritarian countries in South America: venezuela of these attempts with. To get an idea about presence of authoritarian rule across time and.! To close E. balibar and I. Wallerstein, authoritarian countries 2019, Race, Nation, class should be examined more here...

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