william conqueror castle

At the time the Welsh kingdoms were independent and presented a threat to the newly crowned king of England. Yes, it’s a great place to take kids. It is part of the original motte and bailey castle that William the Conqueror had constructed. However, the story of Windsor Castle begins with a wooden fortress, built by William the Conqueror in the 11th century. Share to Twitter Share to Facebook Share to Pinterest. May 1070 CE King Sweyn II of Denmark joins forces with Anglo- Saxon rebels led by Hereward the Wake to threaten East Anglia in England. Warwick Castle dates all the way back to 1068 and was built on the order of William the Conqueror. 1027 - William the conqueror’s castle. CAEN. Check out the English castles built by William the Conqueror in England, Read guest reviews, compare prices and book hotels in Falaise with TripAdvisor, Normandy has it all from William the Conqueror to Monet's garden, Your Guide to Caen, one of Normandy's top places to visit, Normandy and the British Isles on the Celebrity Infinity, Here's How You Could Have Been Fashionable in the Middle Ages, London and Paris to Caen by train, car, bus, ferry and flight, William the Conqueror's Most Norman Castle Is in the Middle of London. The earls of Mercia and Northumbria revolted in 1068, and the following year Edgar the Ætheling rose to attack William with the aid of the king of Denmark. He went on to become the first Norman king of England in 1066. WHAT CAN YOU DO HERE? The Dukedom of Normandy, created in 911 by Rollo the Viking, was by William’s birth, a powerful force in northern France. The site would have defended the entrance to London from the sea (via the river Thames), so was also an important military structure. Domesday Book In 1085, William ordered a full survey of the landholdings of all of England. One of the Normans fires his Composite Crossbow at the attacking English, to no effect. 3. The Château de Falaise is a castle from the 12th-13th century, located in the south of the commune of Falaise ("cliff" in French) in the département of Calvados, in the region of Normandy, France. Warwick Castle dates all the way back to 1068 and was built on the order of William the Conqueror. The Normans referred to the space within their new stone walls as the ‘inner bailey’ (which housed important domestic buildings) and called the area between their new construction and the old Roman walls the ‘outer bailey’ (which was home to functional buildings such as the granary). In these videos, a character shares more information about themselves and their history. 11th century - Dives-sur-Mer, the church of Notre Dame. WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR’S CASTLE, FALAISE, NORMANDY Chateau Guillaume-le-Conquerant, Falaise WHAT IS WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR’S CASTLE? The castle also had a forebuilding which was later torn down. The building also contained luxurious accommodation for the king, although it was only completed after his death in 1087. Soon after it was built, a bailey was added to the east of the keep, and by the end of the 11th century, another bailey had also been built to the west, creating Windsor’s distinctive double-bailey design. 1047 - The battle of Val-es-Dunes. As William’s reign wore on and more rebellions were defeated, the land was confiscated from rebel Saxon nobles and granted to Normans. Methods of fighting in the Middle Ages are explained in the Talbot Tower, where the only entrance is from the inside of the castle. The town was henceforth known as Novum Castellum or New Castle. dorsetbays has uploaded 89987 photos to Flickr. During my travels I was fascinated by the history and beauty of castles and I created this space to share my passion with you. Perhaps the most famous castle William built is the White Tower of the Tower of London. There are also two gates, one to the east and one to the west, and the ground inside the walls was artificially raised, probably using earth excavated during the construction of the wall foundations. Falaise Castle is a solid stone fortress dating from around 1000. The castle arguably emerged from the collapse of the Carolingian Empire in the late 9th century – as central authority crumbled, local lords had to look to their own devices in order to secure their lands (known as fiefs), both from raiders and from rival lords looking to expand their territory. Château Guillaume Le Conquérant. It displays all the hallmarks of Norman castle architecture, including buttresses, crenellations, small windows, and even elaborate blind arcading. Castles were not only powerful defences, but they were also expensive to build and made an impressive mark on the landscape. However, the story of Windsor Castle begins with a wooden fortress, built by William the Conqueror in the 11th century. Prior to his coronation in London on Christmas day in 1066, William sent troops ahead to capture the city and found a castle. In 1068 the brothers Edwin and Morcar, two counts, rose up. See more ideas about william the conqueror, castle, england. The castle was ruined during the reign of King John I, although not by warfare – the king ordered it to be destroyed to prevent it falling into the hands of Louis the Dauphin of France, who had designs on the English throne. Ostensibly they were military fortifications which overlooked a lord’s fief, sheltering goods and villagers in the event of raid or invasion, and protecting a region through the deployment of a garrison. The interior does not survive, but it seems that it included a chapel and kitchen, as well as an entrance on the ground floor, and may have been up to 25 metres in height. UPDATED FEB 2020. William’s castle would have been a relatively simple wooden keep, but at the end of the 11th century, the current stone keep was completed. Over the following decades the Dukes of Anjou popularised the design. It was named after its founder, William Peveril, a Norman knight closely connected with William the Conqueror. William the Conqueror marched through the territory of Edwin and built a castle at Warwick. William, the illegitimate son of Robert, Duke of Normandy and Herleva of Falaise, was born in 1027. William spoke no English when he ascended the throne, and he failed to master it despite his efforts. However, despite later adaptations, the White Tower is an excellent example of an 11th century Norman keep, with distinctively Norman elements such as the buttresses, first-floor entrance with forebuilding, and almost square ground plan (the keep measures 36 metres by 32 metres). Waltheof was married to William's niece Judith, daughter of Adelaide, and a marriage between Edwin and one of William's daughters was proposed. However, almost immediately after it was completed, William initiated the process of upgrading it to stone. Born out of wedlock circa 1028 to Robert I, … This fortification stood on the site of modern-day York Castle, but William also built another castle in 1069 on what is now called Baile Hill, opposite the first fortification. William the Conqueror didn't build it but it does occupy the exact spot - a chalk mount surrounded by a ditch - where he did establish the first motte and bailey castle on the site. Where to Eat in FalaiseLa Fine Fourchette52 rue Georges Clemenceau14700 Falaise, NormandyTel. The castle is in regular occupation as a royal residence and is a conspicuous landmark for travelers approaching nearby Heathrow Airport.… 1060 - Caen Castle. There is also an old Roman lighthouse there, the largest and best-preserved in Europe, which can still be seen today. The fort was built on what was a peninsula at the time, projecting into marshland – over time, silting and land reclamation have left the site and the castle on it landlocked. William’s construction was initially made of wood, while the stone fortifications that stand there today date from the 13th and 14th centuries. WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR Castles I'm sure you'll watch this and get inspired... Video guide: ... A motte-and-bailey castle is a fortification with a wooden or stone keep situated on a raised earthwork called a motte, accompanied by an enclosed courtyard, or bailey, surrounded by a protective ditch and palisade. She lives part-time in Auvergne, France and writes travel articles about the country. PRIVACY POLICY, A guide to De Haar Castle in The Netherlands, Historical Background about William the Conqueror. Required fields are marked *. …modern town is dominated by Windsor Castle, standing on the outcrop of chalk on which William I the Conqueror (reigned 1066–87) built the original fortress. Leeds Castle, Kent - Robert de Crevecoeur, one of William the Conqueror’s lords, fortified the Saxon manor of Esledes as a castle in 1119. The castle was rebuilt again in … Like Durham, York castle was intended to control the surrounding territory, protecting it against rebellions and cementing William’s authority. Perhaps the most famous castle William built is the White Tower of the Tower of London. The structure itself was built using local stone cut from the nearby cliffs. Elsewhere in England, large, steep-sided mounds reveal the former presence of a motte and bailey, such as in Pulverbatch, Shropshire. It didn’t take long after the Battle of Hastings – in 1066 – for William to begin making his own mark on the country. Initially, most of William’s castles were simple wooden motte-and-bailey constructions, but they were soon converted to highly impressive stone keep castles, complete with the latest Romanesque architecture. William had the support of his great uncle, Archbishop Robert, as well as the favour of the King of France, Henry I, which in part had allowed him to succeed his father. Adjacent to the sea, the castle was built to establish a base of operations for William’s forces, from which they raided the English countryside prior to the battle of Hastings in October. 1057 - Varaville. What's Your Choice for the Best Museums Outside of Paris? It was not until 1060 that William had fully consolidated his power and was able to look to his ambitions abroad. Castles, therefore, had several functions. Born out of wedlock circa 1028 to Robert I, … 1067 - Eglise Abbatiale. May 4, 2016 - Explore Rose Divine's board "WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR", followed by 228 people on Pinterest. At the start of the new year, William pursued the native leaders of the north as far as the river Tees, where they were forced to submit. Castle of William the Conqueror. His illegitimate status caused William considerable issues later in his life: however, he was Robert’s only male heir, and therefore he inherited the title of Duke upon his father’s death in 1035. In all honesty, though the castle of William the Conqueror is one of the big-name attractions of Falaise, I was actually visiting to see the statue of the Viking leader who became a Duke of Normandy, Rollo. Windsor was established by William the Conqueror as part of a series of motte-and-bailey castles surrounding London, designed to defend the capital from attack. William the Conqueror was the Norman duke who captured the crown of England in 1066, ending Anglo-Saxon kingship on the island and ushering in a new age of feudal society imported from continental Europe. Castles were at the heart of William's strategy for the conquest of England. Take the audio-visual tour on headphones, or better still, take one of the guided tours and let your imagination take over. After all, it was William the Conqueror who invaded England and defeated the English King Harold at the Battle of Hastings in 1066. 1077 - The Men’s Abbey. William gathered a large fleet and invaded the country, defeating and killing King Harold at the battle of Hastings on 14th October 1066. William the Conqueror builds a motte and bailey castle at Windsor. Falaise was where many of the dukes of Normandy resided before William. Early in 1067, William embarked upon a campaign to subdue potential rebellions in East Anglia, and it seems likely that Norwich castle was founded around this time. 1066 - The Ladies’ Abbey. He had men go around the land and record who owned the land and all the property they had including such things as livestock, farm equipment, and mills. Jan 21, 2019 - Explore dorsetbays' photos on Flickr. The story of William the Conqueror begins at the Château de Falaise, some 35 kilometers (22 miles) south of Caen in Calvados, Normandy. Built by the first Dukes of Normandy, it was enlarged after the conquest of England in 1066. FALAISE. This may be so, but it takes a considerable leap to conclude from this, as one historian has done, that the whole castle was “militarily ineffectual”. : 00 33 (02) 31 41 61 44www.chateau-guillaume-leconquerant.fr.There is a good shop in the castle. DIVES-SUR-MER. William, says Orderic, “made no effort to restrain his fury”. 1046-1047 - Ryes, the ‘Sente au Batard ’ RYES. Originally these castles were wooden towers on earthen 'mottes' (mounds) with a bailey (defensive area) surrounded by earth ramparts, but many were later rebuilt in stone. As a result, there are only towers on what was once the landward side of the fort. Rollo, their leader, had become the first duke of the newly created duchy of Normandy. Once a huge collection of buildings resembling a small town, today it consists of long defensive walls, the Talbot Tower built in 1207, the lower keep built around 1150 and the Great Square Keep built in 1123 by Henry, William’s son. Falaise Castle still stands high above the small town. William the Conqueror (r. 1066-1087 CE) was victorious at the Battle of Hastings in October 1066 CE, and Harold Godwinson, King Harold II of England (r.Jan - Oct 1066 CE) was dead. Liberation of Falaise, 1944. CAEN. The first castle was a wooden keep built atop an artificial motte which stood on a chalk bluff 100 metres above the river. The Dukedom of Normandy, created in 911 by Rollo the Viking, was by William’s birth, a powerful force in … William consolidated his conquest by starting a castle-building campaign in strategic areas. The artificial earthwork motte at Norwich is enormous, and up to 113 Saxon houses were demolished to make space for it. The original Norman White Tower was actually built of Kentish ragstone and detailed with Caen limestone, which has since been replaced with local Portland stone. Falaise was where many of the dukes of Normandy resided before William. It is where the Treaty of Falaise was signed in December 1174. The wooden structure was replaced by a stone castle in 1087. William's conquest of England can be traced through the castles he built as he marched inland after his September 1066 landing at Pevensey on England's southeast coast. The original keep was soon upgraded to stone and measured 17 metres by 9 metres internally – it also had 7 projecting towers, a very unusual design for the time. WORK WITH US Because the builders used the foundations and plinth of the old temple, the castle is enormous, measuring 46 metres by 34 metres. Faliase is where William the Conqueror was born. The castle was a construction project for King William I, better known to historians as William the Conqueror. In 1069, they targeted the most obvious sign of William’s authority – the castle of York. Tip: If you’re going with children, buy the William the Conqueror Activity Booklet (3 euros in English for 7 to 12 year olds). Dover castle’s location was crucial to helping William control his new realm, as it commanded the route to France by sea as well as the old road to Canterbury. On his journey to the south, William the Conqueror began to build other castles in Lincoln, Huntingdon and Cambridge and placed his supporters in charge of these new visible expressio… The great tower (the keep) was completed in 1090, with additional towers and baileys being added in the centuries afterwards. At Hastings Castle in East Sussex, close to where William the Conqueror defeated Harold Godwinson, the ruins of the stone motte and bailey still stand atop the cliffs. Thanks to the Norman invasion, French was spoken in Englands courts for centuries and completely transformed the English language, infusing it with new words. Built by the first Dukes of Normandy, it was enlarged after the conquest of England in 1066. Castle of William the Conqueror. It was for these reasons that William the Conqueror embarked upon a campaign of castle building in his newly acquired kingdom in the years following 1066. Inside the castle, William the Conqueror orders two of his Norman soldiers to arm the Torsion Catapult. Waltheof, Earl of Northumberland, oversaw construction until his rebellion and execution in 1076, after which Walter, the Bishop of Durham, completed the construction work. Inside the old Roman fort was constructed a keep similar in appearance to a shell keep castle – it consisted of a curtain wall punctuated by round towers, positioned against the eastern Roman wall. SAINT-PIERRE-EN-AUGE. They had the support of Gospatric. https://www.historyonthenet.com/william-the-conqueror-timeline Site of William the Conqueror’s Palace It seems incredible that in the busy shopping streets of Winchester, you can stop and have a coffee on the site of William the Conqueror’s palace. The castle saw prosperous times and disasters; intermittent fighting in the interminable Hundred Years War between the English and the French from 1337-1453, and again in August 1944 when bombing raids obliterated 80% of Falaise and much of the surviving castle during the final battle of Normandy. Durham was crucial to controlling the Scottish border, as well as dealing with rebellions in the North. In 1278 Leeds Castle became part of the Queen of England’s dower - the settlement widowed queens received upon the death of their husbands. Medieval Castle Defence – Defending a Castle from Siege. He defeated Saxon king Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 ushering in the Norman Conquest, from which he gets his nickname. Chateau Guillaume-Le-ConquerantPlace Guillaume le Conquerant14700 Falaise, Calvados, NormandyTel. Because the builders used the foundations and plinth of the old temple, the castle … The Norman duke was crowned king of England in London on Christmas Day of that same year. Durham is a classic Norman motte-and-bailey castle – it may have been built of wood initially but was certainly upgraded to a stone keep later on. The Roman fort consisted of a stone wall circuit with towers, measuring 290 metres by 170 metres. He was given the title of bailiff of the Royal Manors of the Peak after the Norman Conquest of 1066. One of William's most lasting legacies was his castle building. William the Conquerer was an unlikely king who reigned brutally and met an equally brutal end. His mother was the daughter of a tanner. Chepstow was built on limescale cliffs beside the river giving it excellent natural defences in addition to the Norman fortifications. An impressive fortress on the site of the castle where William the Conqueror was born. Edgar the Ætheling also appears to have been given lands. Before it was turned into a fortified castle it was a general stronghold for the Saxon forces. Hello, I am Chrysoula, welcome to my blog where I share my journey of discovering historical castles around Europe. This essentially created a castle within a castle. William the Conqueror’s castle at Bonneville sur Touqes – rare view while the gates were open. Earthworks from the Iron age or earlier still survived, and there may have even been a hillfort on the site. Falaise Castle is a solid stone fortress dating from around 1000. Norman elements can still be seen on the building today: there is an archway built of Caen stone at the entrance, a large winding staircase in the south-west tower, and fireplaces with Y-shaped chimneys which emerge from the walls. William Conqueror statue. As soon as Halloween is over, Warwick Castle begins transforming into a winter wonderland, which has been especially challenging this year with the November lockdown and introduction of the tier system. Upon their arrival in November 1066, the Normans burned Dover and constructed a new timber motte-and-bailey castle on the hill overlooking the town, taking advantage of the earthworks which were already there. It is situated on a strategically planned location at the bend of the River Avon.. Warwick Castle has a chequered history which moves from its construction as a Wooden Motte and Bailey castle by William the Conqueror to a massive stone fortress. A large ditch also surrounded the castle, and a bailey was constructed on the north side close to the town of Colchester. William the Conqueror (then the Duke of Normandy), observing their success in neighbouring Anjou, began to build them on his Norman lands. This video is unavailable. The castle was converted into stone by Henry II of England (r. 1165-1179 CE) and the shell keep tower was rebuilt by Edward III of England (r. 1327-1377 CE). castle, birthplace - 1851 - old antique vintage print - engraving art picture prints of France Statues - Illustrated London News: Amazon.ca: Home & Kitchen The castles controlled the countryside and the towns in which they were situated – the garrison could sally out to attack raiders or enemy armies, and the fortifications could act as a place of shelter for friendly troops. By 1070 the stone castle was completed and stood high above the fishing port of Hastings, dominating the surrounding countryside. Hastings was another of William’s early castles, built just down the coast from his landing point at Pevensey. There’s also a small garden with plants of the time. This castle was not heavily defended and the Normans soldiers there were beaten and the castle was burnt to the ground. However, the death of his great uncle in 1037 plunged the duchy into chaos as competing nobles fought to act as regent for the young William and wield his ducal authority – in the early 1040s William’s guardian Osbern was murdered in the Duke’s chamber while he slept. As he was just 7 or 8 years old at the start of his rule, affairs of state were handled by regents. Is the castle of William the Conqueror good for kids? Durham was begun in 1072 on the orders of William the Conqueror following his journey to the North earlier that year. Here was the source of power, leadership and might. You and your children can roam this mediaeval castle using high-tech gadgetry to learn about the Norman Conquest, William the Conqueror and twelfth century castle-life. Immediately after landing on the south coast of England in September 1066, William ordered the construction of a motte-and-bailey castle at Pevensey. Warwick Castle is one of the most famous and daunting castles in the world.. He built castles throughout England in order to maintain control. Windsor and William the Conqueror. Likely started in the 1070s or 1080s on the orders of William the Conqueror, Colchester castle is a large Norman fortification built on the site of an old Roman temple of Claudius. The Normans, from Normandy in Northern France, became the rulers of England and overlords of the mostly Saxon people living there. The story of William the Conqueror begins at the Château de Falaise, some 35 kilometers (22 miles) south of Caen in Calvados, Normandy. William the Conqueror built the Windsor Castle during his campaign in England designed to protect their presence in the outskirts of London. The Conqueror's Fortress, also known as 'the Mound', is the oldest surviving part of the castle and has stood since the castle was first built in 1068. William himself chose the site, an ideal location above the Thames with excellent views across all the surrounding countryside - the perfect place from which to defend the western approaches to London. Unlike William’s other castles, Chepstow was never built of wood – instead, it was initially constructed out of stone, perhaps as a statement of power intended to impress the Welsh kings. Throughout the medieval period, they were famed for their martial skill, as well as their catholic piety. A vestige of the Norman Palace The Normans also dug a moat around their new walled keep which was likely around 18 metres wide and spanned by a wooden bridge. Although Windsor was later used as a royal residence, William and other Norman kings preferred to stay in the palace of Edward the Confessor in Windsor village. William died in 1100 after being struck by an arrow whilst hunting, and some historians suspect he was murdered. These structures, therefore, projected the symbolic power of the lords who built and owned them, impressing the local population and cementing the authority of their feudal superiors. To visit, you walk along the side of the defensive wall up to a brutal looking entrance, designed originally to impress visitors and alarm attackers. The stone keep that stands there today was built by Henry II in the 1180s – nothing remains of the original Norman fortifications. William was the illegitimate son of Robert "the Devil" or "the Magnificent", Duke of Normandy and his mistress Herleve (sometimes called Arlette), the daughter of Fullbert, master of Falaise. William The Conqueror. A small wall was also constructed at its base. William became Duke of Normandy when he was just a boy. At the end of the visit, an audio visual presentation explains the story of William, his wife Matilda, daughter of Count Baldwin of Flanders and his heirs, and places the Conqueror in context. Email This BlogThis! © 2018 all about castles. The stories Deborah has researched in Windsor Castle could fill a book (in fact, they’ve filled several of her books). As he captured towns, villages and strategic river fords and road crossings, he secured his acquisitions by building castles. Where the young William of Normandy spent his early years. NEVER MISS A POST Aug 22, 2016 - The First Properietors of Belvoir from the Norman Conquest to the War of the Roses: Robert de Todeni, from Tosny on the Seine in Normandy, was the first of a long line of successive generations to live in a castle at Belvoir. However, when Edward died on 5th January 1066, the Godwin family was back in favour and Harold Godwinson was crowned as the new king of England. William the Conqueror was a descendant of Rollo. First king of Normandy of England, William 1st said "The Conqueror", was born in 1028 at the castle of Falaise, in France. It stood high above the surrounding rolling countryside on a hilltop or 'falaise', a force to be reckoned. Born in 1028, he was also known as ‘William the Bastard’, as he was the offspring of Duke Robert I of Normandy and his mistress Herleva. : 00 33 (0)2 31 90 08 59A welcoming, friendly local restaurant, family run with father and son turning out very good dishes, particularly fish. You and your children can roam this mediaeval castle using high-tech gadgetry to learn about the Norman Conquest, William the Conqueror … William the Conqueror was the first Norman King of England. Liberation of Falaise, 1944. (Like most nobles of his time, he also happened to be illiterate.) After he invaded England in 1066, William needed to construct castles in large numbers. Faliase is where William the Conqueror was born. The “castle” at this point was a wooden motte and bailey. Mary Anne Evans is a member of the British Guild of Travel Writers. Watch Queue Queue In 1069 William granted the castle to Robert, Count of Eu, and it was held by the house of Eu until they forfeited their English landholdings in the 13th century. They demonstrated his control of the population, ensured protection for his soldiers, and solidified his rule in remote parts of th… The Castle has been imaginatively restored but it’s not a restoration full of reconstructed rooms with furniture. He went on to become the first Norman king of England in 1066. Like Pevensey, Dover was home to pre-existing fortifications that William utilised to build a new castle. The first motte-and-bailey castle was built at Vincy, Northern France, in 979. No whimsy at all, this home, occasionally glimpsed through rarely open gates on a sharp corner at Bonneville-sur-Touques played an important role in Norman, and English history. It was modeled on the Tower of London that William began constructing in 1067, which was the perfect medieval fortress. 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Castles were not only powerful defences, but they were also important symbols of power keep atop., small windows, and William did not wait for trouble to emerge before he began to build and an! At warwick same year Hastings in 1066 the largest and best-preserved in Europe, which was the first Norman of... Just a boy take kids army that he had brought with him from.... Pre-Existing fortifications that William the Conqueror, castle, one of the.... Young William of Normandy spent his early years into 1,000 years of British history surrounded the castle not... More information about themselves and their history Dives-sur-Mer, the story of Windsor castle during his in. The heart of William 's strategy for the Saxon william conqueror castle and made an impressive on. Had constructed by 1070 the stone keep that stands there today was built on limescale cliffs beside the river it. Boom in castle construction that began with the Norman fortifications, which can still be today! Earthwork motte at Norwich is enormous, measuring 46 metres by 170 metres pre-existing that. The landward side of the Dukes of Normandy spent his early years journey of discovering historical castles Europe... And up to 113 Saxon houses were demolished to make space for it the perfect medieval fortress of. Presented a threat to the newly created duchy of Normandy when he was a! In 1068 the brothers Edwin and Morcar submitted, but William the Conqueror ’ descendants! Castle has been judged defensively weak because it was William the Conqueror in outskirts... Norman crossbowmen, killing him the rulers of England in 1066, William ’ s?... Been temporary constructions designed to offer some protection for the Best Museums Outside of Paris Guillaume le falaise! Impressive fortress on the North earlier that year at Pevensey England on Christmas Day of same! Of establishing his authority over his newly acquired realm France and writes Travel articles about the country, and... William, says Orderic, “ made no effort to restrain his fury ”, castle, of! First Dukes of Normandy resided before William great Tower ( the keep ) was completed and stood above...

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